Congratulations to our stream researchers

David Lee and Carrie Jensen successfully defended their theses and graduated this spring.   Both worked in mountain streams and developed unique ways to monitor the dynamics that occur in those systems.  David’s work focused on passive monitoring of water quality in streams using material to sorb solutes and measure flux by the desorption of alcohol tracers.  Taken together he was able to approximate mean concentrations of dissolved material in streams.  Carrie monitored the wetting dynamics of headwater stream channels.  A nice article on her work was developed by Virginia Tech’s Center for Communicating Science.  You can read about Carrie’s work here. 

We miss David and Carrie, but we’re excited for them as they move on to new things. 

Congrats Carrie!

Carrie Jensen successfully defended her dissertation on temporary streams. We’re proud of her and wish her well as she moves on to new things.  Special thanks to her committee for their help and support: Andy Dolloff, Daniel McLaughlin, Durelle Scott, and Yang Shao.

PhD Assistantship in Biogeochemistry at Virginia Tech for a project at Hubbard Brook

We are seeking applicants for a Ph.D. research assistantship in the biogeochemistry of forested ecosystems.  Research will focus on the fate and transport of weathering products across spatial gradients within watersheds.  Project goals include characterizing dynamic solute fluxes that will help us understand how ecosystems respond to and recover from different global change drivers.

The project is based at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest (www.hubbardbrook.org) in New Hampshire, is funded by the National Science Foundation, and provides opportunity to work within an interdisciplinary team of geologists, soil scientists, and hydrologists from multiple universities and the USDA Forest Service. The project will combine field and laboratory analysis, with an expectation of some extended visits to the field site throughout the duration of the study.

The incoming student will join the Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation (www.frec.vt.edu) at Virginia Tech; however, may also participate in interdisciplinary communities at Virginia Tech, such as those in Cross-boundary Biogeosciences (www.biogeo.centers.vt.edu) and the Global Change Center (www.globalchange.vt.edu).  The student would be encouraged to join Virginia Tech’s Interfaces of Global Change graduate fellowship program (www.globalchange.vt.edu/igc/).

Research assistantships provide competitive annual stipends and benefits, including a full tuition waiver. In addition, students are provided with opportunities to develop meaningful teaching and mentoring experience.

Interested students should contact:

Dr. Kevin McGuire
Virginia Water Resources Research Center &
Dept. of Forest Resources & Environmental Conservation
540-231-6017; kevin.mcguire@vt.edu

Dr. Brian Strahm
Dept. of Forest Resources & Environmental Conservation
540-231-8627; brian.strahm@vt.edu

New Hubbard Brook hydro and hydropedology papers from the group

Our graduate students and collaborators on Hubbard Brook projects have several new papers now available online.

Bourgault, R. R., Ross, D. S., Bailey, S. W., McGuire, K. J., Gannon, J. P., 2017. Redistribution of soil metals and organic carbon via lateral flowpaths at the catchment scale in a glaciated upland setting, Geoderma, 307:238–252, doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.05.039.

Gannon, J.P., McGuire, K.J., Bailey, S.W., Bourgault, R.R., Ross, D.S., 2017. Lateral water flux in the unsaturated zone: a mechanism for the formation of spatial soil heterogeneity in a headwater catchment, Hydrological Processes, doi: 10.1002/hyp.11279.

Jensen, C. K., McGuire, K. J., Prince, P. S., 2017. Headwater stream length dynamics across four physiographic provinces of the Appalachian Highlands, Hydrological Processes, doi: 10.1002/hyp.11259.

Benettin, P., Bailey, S. W., Rinaldo, A., Likens, G. E., McGuire, K. J., Botter, G., 2017. Young runoff fractions control streamwater age and solute concentration dynamics, Hydrological Processes, 31:2982–2986, doi: 10.1002/hyp.11243.

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Carrie’s manuscript on temporary stream dynamics in the Appalachians

Carrie Jensen’s first paper was accepted in Hydrological Processes this week.  Her work is about characterizing the spatial and temporal dynamics of headwater stream wetting and drying.  This manuscript documents patterns of stream network expansion, contraction, and disconnection in watersheds from New England, Appalachian Plateau, Valley and Ridge, and Blue Ridge physiographic regions.  Her research has implications for how we define and describe streams and how that might translate into policy.

Jensen, C. K., McGuire, K. J., and Prince, P. S. (2017) Headwater stream length dynamics across four physiographic provinces of the Appalachian Highlands. Hydrological Processes, doi: 10.1002/hyp.11259.

Abstract: Understanding patterns of expansion, contraction, and disconnection of headwater stream length in diverse settings is invaluable for the effective management of water resources as well as for informing research in the hydrology, ecology, and biogeochemistry of temporary streams. More accurate mapping of the stream network and quantitative measures of flow duration in the vast headwater regions facilitate implementation of water quality regulation and other policies to protect waterways. We determined the length and connectivity of the wet stream and geomorphic channel network in three forested catchments (<75 ha) in each of four physiographic provinces of the Appalachian Highlands: the New England, Appalachian Plateau, Valley and Ridge, and Blue Ridge. We mapped wet stream length seven times at each catchment to characterize flow conditions between exceedance probabilities of <5% and >90% of the mean daily discharge. Stream network dynamics reflected geologic controls at both regional and local scales. Wet stream length was most variable at two Valley and Ridge catchments on a shale scarp slope and changed the least in the Blue Ridge. The density and source area of flow origins differed between the crystalline and sedimentary physiographic provinces, as the Appalachian Plateau and Valley and Ridge had fewer origins with much larger contributing areas than New England and the Blue Ridge. However, the length and surface connectivity of the wet stream depended on local lithology, geologic structure, and the distribution of surficial deposits such as boulders, glacially-derived material, and colluival debris or sediment valley fills. Several proxies indicate the magnitude of stream length dynamics, including bankfull channel width, network connectivity, the base flow index, and the ratio of geomorphic channel to wet stream length. Consideration of geologic characteristics at multiple spatial scales is imperative for future investigations of flow intermittency in headwaters.

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Getting ready for the Gordon Conference

We’re in the final throws of planning for the Gordon Research Conference on Catchment Science.  The last day to apply is in one week (May 28).  We have a great set of speakers, discussion leaders, and participants. This meeting promises to be stimulating and one that shouldn’t be missed!  The schedule is posted here: https://www.grc.org/programs.aspx?id=12331.

The Gordon Research Conference (GRC) on Catchment Science unites ecologists, hydrologists, geochemists, pedologists, and other scientists who understand the need for interdisciplinary
research to advance catchment science. Catchment science, conceptually rooted in the physical boundaries that define a catchment or watershed, is inherently integrative in terms of processes operating in catchments and disciplines involved in the study of catchments. As such, an interdisciplinary and international conference that brings together established and developing experts to share and integrate the scientific diversity of catchment science is needed to advance the holistic understanding of catchment systems.

Chairs:
Kevin McGuire & Jakob Schelker

Vice Chair:
Holly Barnard

The GRC will be preceded by a two-day Gordon Research Seminar (GRS) that is organized by and designed for graduate students and post-doctoral researchers. The GRS provides opportunities
for the exchange of ideas among early career investigators and an occasion to build relationships with peers that will form the next generation of catchment scientists.

Chairs:
Robert Sabo & Inge Wiekenkamp

 

Dig, dig, dig…REU student video from the summer

Great group of undergraduate students from this summer’s Hubbard Brook REU program.  They liked to dig, dig, dig!

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Hubbard Brook walking tour from 50th anniversary

This Youtube video was recently posted from a field tour several of us gave during the 50th anniversary of the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study.  There is good background on forested watershed studies, gaging streams, hydropedology, and local historical ecology at Hubbard Brook.  Mark Green (USFS & Plymouth State), JP Gannon (Western Carolina University), Nick Grant (USFS), and Charlie Cogbill all make appearances.

 

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Welcome David!

David_LeeA new student, David Lee, joined our lab this week.  David completed his B.S. at the University of Florida in environmental engineering in 2015.

David was most recently working for the US Forest Service as a forestry technician/wilderness ranger and was stationed on the Eldorado National Forest in Pollock Pines, CA.

David will be working on a project based at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in New Hampshire.  Welcome to Blacksburg David!

Carrie awarded VWRRC grant and coauthored GRL paper on strontium isotope dendritic network models

Version 2Carrie Jensen was awarded a student seed grant through the Virginia Water Resources Research Center for her dissertation work on storm dynamics of expansion and contraction of temporary headwater streams.  Andy Dolloff, with the US Forest Service Southern Research Station and the Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation at Virginia Tech, is her Co-PI on the grant.

Carrie also contributed to a manuscript that was published online last week in Geophysical Research Letters.  The study expanded on a geostatistical method described in McGuire et al. (2014), by developing a spatial stream network model of strontium isotopic composition of stream water in a large Alaska river basin.  The model provided a means to quantify the influence of landscape versus in-stream processes on strontium isotopic composition of rivers.

Brennan, S. R.C. E. TorgersenJ. P. HollenbeckD. P. FernandezC. K. Jensen, and D. E. Schindler (2016), Dendritic network models: Improving isoscapes and quantifying influence of landscape and in-stream processes on strontium isotopes in riversGeophys. Res. Lett.43, doi:10.1002/2016GL068904.

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