JP Gannon had a paper accepted this week in Water Resources Research titled “Organizing groundwater regimes and response thresholds by soils: A framework for understanding runoff generation in a headwater catchment.”
Here’s the abstract: A network of shallow groundwater wells in a headwater catchment at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in New Hampshire, USA was used to investigate the hydrologic behavior of five distinct soil morphological units. The soil morphological units were hypothesized to be indicative of distinct water table regimes. Water table fluctuations in the wells were characterized by their median and interquartile range of depth, proportion of time water table was present in the solum, and storage-discharge behavior of subsurface flow. Statistically significant differences in median, interquartile range, and presence of water table were detected among soil units. Threshold responses were identified in storage-discharge relationships of subsurface flow, with thresholds varying among soil units. These results suggest that soil horizonation is indicative of distinct groundwater flow regimes. The spatial distribution of water table across the catchment showed variably connected/disconnected active areas of runoff generation in the solum. The spatial distribution of water table and therefore areas contributing to stormflow is complex and changes depending on catchment storage.
- Soil horizonation is indicative of distinct water table fluctuations
- Threshold storage-discharge relationships vary among hydropedological soil units
- Spatial patterns of runoff generation are linked to soil horizonation and thresholds in catchment storage
I recently obtained a digital copy of Hewlett’s 1961 description of the variable source area concept. This document, which is part of an annual report of the US Forest Service Southeastern Forest Experiment Station and at the time was based out of Asheville, NC, is regarded as the first publication of the concept in English. There were simultaneous works published in France (Cappus 1960) and Japan (Tsukamoto 1961), but Hewlett’s version is often credited as the first. While this 1961 report is not my favorite description of the variable source area concept, it is probably the most difficult to find and that is why I am posting it here (I think copyright is not an issue since it is a federal report). I prefer the description by Tom Dunne from Kirkby’s Hillslope Hydrology book, but apparently Hewlett did not agree that version. Anyway, it’s a shame that Hewlett (or Cappus or Tsukamoto) did not explicitly publish his ideas in a peer-review journal in the early 1960s.
We have two new students in the lab! Carrie Jensen and Amy Gondran.
Yujuan Chen just had her third paper published from her dissertation. Yujuan is now with the Food and Agriculture Organization in Rome Italy.
Chen, Y., Day, S.D., Wick, A.F., McGuire, K.J. 2014. Influence of urban land development and subsequent soil rehabilitation on soil aggregates, carbon, and hydraulic conductivity, Science of The Total Environment, 494-495: 329–336, 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.06.099.
- Urban land development reduces soil macroaggregates and permeability.
- Can subsurface soil rehabilitation with compost mitigate these effects?
- Soil rehabilitation does not measurably enhance aggregate formation within 5 years.
- Soil rehabilitation does improve subsurface hydraulic conductivity.
- Urban soil ecosystem service provision is strongly management dependent.
Words of advice from John Selker. This is worth reading.
The link above is a repost from Tom Gleeson’s blog “Water Underground” and originally appeared in the AGU Hydrology Section July 2014 newsletter.
50 years old today, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the Water Resources Research Act, which established a Water Resources Research Institute in each state. The Virginia Water Resources Research Center, which is my home appointment at Virginia Tech, is Virginia’s mandated WRRI. Let’s hope the WRRA and the institutes continue to “enlist the intellectual power of universities and research institutes in a nationwide effort to conserve and utilize our water resources for the common benefit” for another 50 years! The WRRI’s are responsible for training future water scientists and engineers, and transferring the results of sponsored research to water managers and the public.
For more information, see the USGS news release on this anniversary.
Posted in News
Tagged with: USGS
, Water Center
Until fairly recently, it seemed like this was impossibly far away.
I cleaned my desk, have check marks on all the right forms, and my things are all in boxes. It is time to move on! I am VERY excited to say that I will be starting a position as assistant professor in the Geosciences and Natural Resources department at Western Carolina University. It will be an exciting opportunity to work on getting undergraduate students excited about science while continuing to work on questions that excite me at the school’s research watershed.
A very very heartfelt thank you to the VT watershed hydrology group. I honestly can’t think of one thing I would change about my graduate school experience in this group. The support, friendship, and talent is second to none. If I had to do it all over again, I would choose this group again in a heartbeat. I could go on and on, but I’ll keep it short. THANK YOU.
With that, I have some time to kill before August. Time to go on a bike ride.
Check out the WCU logo… maroon and orange is great, but that purple!!
Kris Brown successfully defended his dissertation yesterday. Congratulations to Kris.
The title of his dissertation was “Sediment delivery from reopened forest roads at stream crossings in the Virginia Piedmont physiographic region, USA”
Kris Brown’s paper on “the effect of increasing gravel cover on forest roads for reduced sediment delivery to stream crossings” was accepted this week in Hydrological Processes.
Direct sediment inputs from forest roads at stream crossings are a major concern for water quality and aquatic habitat. Legacy road-stream crossing approaches, or the section of road leading to the stream, may have poor water and grade control upon reopening, thus increasing the potential for negative impacts to water quality. Rainfall simulation experiments were conducted on the entire running surface area associated with six reopened stream crossing approaches in the southwestern Virginia Piedmont physiographic region, USA. Event-based surface runoff and associated total suspended solids (TSS) concentrations were compared among a succession of gravel surfacing treatments that represented increasing intensities of best management practice (BMP) implementation. The three treatments were No Gravel (10-19% cover), Low Gravel (34-60% cover), and High Gravel (50-99% cover). Increased field hydraulic conductivity was associated with… read more…
We’re looking for another graduate student for a two-year MS-level graduate research assistantship with an expected start date of fall of 2014. The student would work with Dr. McGuire and Dr. Brian Strahm.
This interdisciplinary research project is focused on understanding the role of reforestation on the quantity and quality of water emanating from drastically disturbed landscapes. Specifically, the project will combine field and laboratory experiments to quantify the effect that mined land reforestation has on the delivery of total dissolved solid (TDS) loads to surface waters.
Research assistantships include a full tuition waiver, benefits, and a competitive annual stipend that includes summer support (~$21,000). For more information on the graduate program in the Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation at Virginia Tech, please visit: www.frec.vt.edu.